Indonesia officially the Republic of Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises 17,508 islands and thirty three provinces. With over 238 million people, it is the world’s fourth most populous country, and has the world’s largest population of Muslims. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. The nation’s capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world’s eighteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity.
The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.
Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest—and the politically dominant—ethnic group. Indonesia has developed a shared identity defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism including rebellion against it. Indonesia’s national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (“Unity in Diversity” literally, “many, yet one”), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity. The country is richly endowed with natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread in contemporary Indonesia
The name Indonesia derives from the Latin Indus, and the Greek nesos, meaning “island”. The name dates to the 18th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia. In 1850, George Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed the terms Indunesians — and, his preference, Malayunesians — for the inhabitants of the “Indian Archipelago or Malayan Archipelago”. In the same publication, a student of Earl’s, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago. However, Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia. Instead, they used the terms Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel); the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië), popularly Indië; the East (de Oost); and even Insulinde.
From 1900, the name Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands, and Indonesian nationalist groups adopted it for political expression. Adolf Bastian, of the University of Berlin, popularized the name through his book Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipels, 1884–1894. The first Indonesian scholar to use the name was Suwardi Suryaningrat (Ki Hajar Dewantara), when he established a press bureau in the Netherlands with the name Indonesisch Pers-bureau in 1913
As mention above that Indonesia is an archipelago country with thousand of islands,so it is naturally if Indonesia has many beautiful islands for tour places,just like these two beautiful islands.
- Kuta is administratively a district (kecamatan) and subdistrict/village (kelurahan) in southern Bali, Indonesia. A former fishing village, it was one of the first towns on Bali to see substantial tourist development, and as a beach resort remains one of Indonesia’s major tourist destinations. It is known internationally for its long sandy beach, varied accommodation, many restaurants and bars, and many renowned surfers who visit from Australia. It is located near Bali’s Ngurah Rai Airport.
- The Balinese Provincial Government have taken the view that the preservation of the Balinese culture, natural resources and wildlife are of primary importance in the development of the island. To this end they have limited tourist development to the peninsula on the extreme southern aspect of the island; Kuta beach is on the western side of this peninsula and Sanur is on the east. To the north of the peninsula no new tourist development is supposedly permitted.
- To the south, Kuta Beach extends beyond the airport into Jimbaran. Other nearby towns and villages include Seseh (6.4 nm), Denpasar (4.5 nm), Ujung (1.8 nm), Pesanggaran (2.0 nm), Kedonganan (2.9 nm) and Tuban (1.0 nm).
- Dreamland Beach (now is known as New Kuta Beach) is a beach located on the Bukit peninsula, on the island of Bali, Indonesia. The beach provides basic accommodation and cafes for surfers and day-trippers. One of the most beautiful beaches on the island, it is also renowned for its dangerous shorebreak.
- It is the site of the failed Pecatu Graha development, planned by Tommy Suharto, the corrupt youngest son of the former president Suharto. As of 2008 this is an active building site with all the previous Warongs having been levelled for a hotel complex.
- Legian is a suburban and beach area on the west coast of Bali just north of Kuta and south of Seminyak the area between Jl. Melasti and Jl. Dhyana Pura .
- Jimbaran is a fishing village and tourist resort in Bali, Indonesia. Located south of Ngurah Rai International Airport, the beach has seafood restaurants and luxury hotels, including the five-star Intercontinental Hotel Bali, Four Seasons and Jimbaran Puri Bali.
- Tourism in Jimbaran has increased rapidly so that it has boosted the local economy, but was devastated by the 2005 Bali bombings when suicide bombers struck at two popular warungs (restaurants) along the beach. However, the tourism industry has recovered. Diners select the live seafood that they wish to eat, and it is immediately prepared, generally grilled over a fire of coconut husks rather than charcoal.
- It is administered under Kuta South District along with Nusa Dua peninsula. Jimbaran lies on the ‘neck’ of the southern peninsula in Bali.
Pulau Tidung (Tidung Island)
- Backpacker Indonesia Communities called Tidung Island as a new paradise. It’s the biggest island in Kepulauan Seribu. This island inhabitted citizen since dutch colonialist period. In Djakarta history book, it was mentioned that when Fatahil invade Malacca, he and the troop use this island as a place to regulates strategy. Tidung Island is a center of South Kepulauan Seribu (Kepulauan Seribu Selatan) district.
- This island is occupied by more than 3 thousands families. A large part of the citizen are fishermen. Eastside of this island is found Little Tidung Island. Now both of these islands are connected by a very beautiful wood bridge. We can walk on that bridge while see downwards to the clear sea with cliffs scenery and multicoloured fish. The bridge is about 2 kilometers. Around the bridge we also can see several fish husbandry belongs to local fisherman. To go around the island,we also can rent bike.
- This island is very pleasant as a recreation place for people that want to enjoy island atmosphere with the cheap cost. The clear sea water and white sand rug by the side of the coast very beautiful to enjoy,also the sunrise and sunset enchantment very beautiful to watch. Swimming and fishing in this island is very fun. The tourist can fishing at the port or at the bridge or charter fishing boat. Diving and snorkeling also okay,because we can find a lot of shops rent for diving and snorkeling device,also with the small boat and the guide.
- There are many hotels in here,even if the hotels are full,we can stay in the fisherman house and they are really welcome to the tourist. We can find foods in the restaurant/cafe or order to the people here. The price is so cheap,only about Rp15.000,00 – Rp17.000,00 or about US$ 2.
- To get to this island, we can visit it via Muara Angke Jakarta port or from Muara Cituis (Rawasaban) Tangerang Port. To Muara Angke port, we can use city transport from Grogol or Kopami from Beos. If we go via Tangerang, we can use car colt from Terminal Pasar Baru.
- Either from Muara Cituis Port also from Muara Angke Port,the ships belongs to Pulau Seribu fisherman standby every day to take you here. The ship deparature schedule from Muara Angke Port is 07.30am. We should arrive at the port before 07.00am because if the ship already full ,it will directly go. In Saturday,at 06.00am the ship already full. Only with Rp33.000,00 or US$ 3 we can reach it around 2 hours. Deparature time from Muara Cituis Port is 11.00am,only with Rp20.000,00 or about US$ 2,we can arrive in Pulau Tidung around 90 minutes.
Senggigi Beach (Lombok)
- Lombok is one of the islands in the province of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB),it has a very popular beach and vacation choice for local and foreign tourists. To achieve Senggigi Beach,it takes approximately 15 minutes by car from Mataram. With that close distance, the more popular course of this exotic beach. Senggigi has been transformed into an icon of tourism since it was introduced in 1980.
- If Bali has Sanur Beach, Kuta or Legian, the Senggigi Beach is considered to have the beauty equivalent of the famous beaches in Bali. Coasts beautiful beaches with white sand spread out along nearly 10 km. Many of the activities you can do here, such as swimming, canoeing, diving, snorkeling or just sunbathing and enjoying the scenery. If you want around Senggigi Beach, but do not want to get tired, you can ride Cidomo, NTB typical freight pulled by a horse. Or you can also surround the beach by foot.
- The atmosphere more romantic when we enjoy the sunset on the horizon. We can see orange landscape when the sun goes down,so contrast when it’s combined with shades of blue sea. Pura Batu Bolong sights can be found on this beach by walking leisurely about 30 minutes. This temple is built on a reef which is located on the waterfront. There is a growing legend of the temple where we can see clearly Mount Agung in Bali, which is reputedly formerly held often sacrifice a virgin to the sharks in this place. There is also another legend that says that the early days, many women are dropping out of this place into the sea because of a broken heart.
- Not far from Batu Bolong,there is the tomb of a scholar. This is a sacred place for the adherents of Wetu Telu. Batu Layar is crowded during Lebaran Ketupat, celebrated by those who are fasting for one week after Idul Fitri.
Representative accommodations available for you, ranging from three-star hotels to five-star hotels in this beach area. Not only that, dozens of restaurants are also ready to pamper your tongue during a tour there. Do not forget to taste the typical dishes of Chicken Taliwang and Plecing Kangkung.
- To further intensify promotion of tourism region, the regional government of West Lombok district schedule Senggigi Festival every mid-year. The wealth of cultural attractions that are staged during a full week,has a purpose to make tourists entertained and more comfortable to stay longer. Souvenirs are also available here. Precisely at Jalan Raya Senggigi Km 7,there are various souvenirs from Lombok in Senggigi Pasar Seni (Senggigi Art Market), NTB provincial government hopes in the future, this place can be a shopping paradise for tourists who travel in Lombok.
- Senggigi Art Market has about 12 stalls (one stall occupied by 4-6 traders). Stalls was completed and inaugurated on December 11, 1991 by Minister of Tourism and Telecommunications Soesilo Sudarman. There also are about 56 small traders. Souvenir stalls are built with a traditional house roofed NTB dry reeds. Various kinds of handicrafts such as pearls, bracelets, stoneware and wicker can be found in here. The Senggigi Art Market is open from 09.00am to 07.00pm. Traders also sell many kinds of souvenirs to the beach area. The price offered varies from Rp10.000,00 – Rp100.000,00 or about US$ 10 – US$ 100.
- Not too difficult to reach Senggigi Beach. If you depart from Bali, you will arrive at the Lembar Port, you can go straight to Senggigi beach by bus 3 / 4 or chartered car with other passengers. Meanwhile, from Jakarta and other big cities, when you arrive at the airport in Lombok, You can ride a taxi that will take to the hotel where you stay. From Ampenan, you can go by bemo that available from 06.00 am to 07.30pm with cost of approximately Rp.1.500,00 from Ampenan-Senggigi, or Senggigi-Ampenan.
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