List of President or heads of state and government in the world


A president is a leader of an organization, company, trade union, university, or country. Etymologically, a president is one who presides, who sits in leadership. Originally, the term referred to the presiding officer of a ceremony or meeting, but today it most commonly refers to an official. Among other things, president today is a common title for the heads of state of most republics, whether popularly elected, chosen by the legislature or by a special electoral college.

This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

States recognised by the United Nations

State Head of state Head of government
Afghanistan
President Hamid Karzai
Albania President Bamir Topi Prime Minister Sali Berisha
Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia
Andorra Co-Prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative Nemesi Marquès Oste

Co-Prince Nicolas Sarkozy
Representative Christian Frémont
Prime Minister Antoni Martí
Angola
President José Eduardo dos Santos
Antigua and Barbuda Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Dame Louise Lake-Tack
Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer
Argentina
President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Armenia President Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan
Australia Queen Elizabeth II[1][2][3]
Governor General Quentin Bryce
Prime Minister Julia Gillard
Austria President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Werner Faymann
Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Bahamas Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Arthur Foulkes
Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham
Bahrain King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa
Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Barbados Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Clifford Husbands
Prime Minister Freundel Stuart
Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister Mikhail Myasnikovich
Belgium King Albert II Prime Minister Yves Leterme
Belize Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Colville Young
Prime Minister Dean Barrow
Benin President Yayi Boni Prime Minister Pascal Koupaki
Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck Prime Minister Jigme Thinley
Bolivia
President Evo Morales
Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency:[4]
Nebojša Radmanović (Chairman)
Željko Komšić (Member)
Bakir Izetbegović (Member)
Prime Minister Nikola Špirić
Botswana
President Ian Khama
Brazil
President Dilma Rousseff
Brunei
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Bulgaria President Georgi Parvanov Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister Luc-Adolphe Tiao
Burma (Myanmar)
President Thein Sein
Burundi
President Pierre Nkurunziza
Cambodia King Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister Hun Sen
Cameroon President Paul Biya Prime Minister Philémon Yang
Canada Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General David Johnston
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Cape Verde President Pedro Pires Prime Minister José Maria Neves
Central African Republic President François Bozizé Prime Minister Faustin-Archange Touadéra
Chad President Idriss Déby Prime Minister Emmanuel Nadingar
Chile
President Sebastián Piñera
China, People’s Republic of President Hu Jintao Premier Wen Jiabao
Colombia
President Juan Manuel Santos
Comoros
President Ikililou Dhoinine
Congo-Brazzaville
President Denis Sassou Nguesso
Congo-Kinshasa President Joseph Kabila Prime Minister Adolphe Muzito
Costa Rica
President Laura Chinchilla
Côte d’Ivoire President Alassane Ouattara[citation needed] Prime Minister Guillaume Soro
Croatia President Ivo Josipović Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor
Cuba
President Raúl Castro
Cyprus
President Dimitris Christofias
Czech Republic President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Petr Nečas
Denmark Queen Margrethe II Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
Dominica President Nicholas Liverpool Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican Republic
President Leonel Fernández
East Timor President José Ramos-Horta Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão
Ecuador
President Rafael Correa
Egypt Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Prime Minister Essam Sharaf
El Salvador
President Mauricio Funes
Equatorial Guinea President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister Ignacio Milam Tang
Eritrea
President Isaias Afewerki
Estonia President Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
Ethiopia President Girma Wolde-Giorgis Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
Fiji President Epeli Nailatikau Acting Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
Finland President Tarja Halonen Prime Minister Mari Kiviniemi
Prime Minister-designate Jyrki Katainen
France President Nicolas Sarkozy Prime Minister François Fillon
Gabon President Ali Bongo Ondimba Prime Minister Paul Biyoghé Mba
The Gambia Gambia
President Yahya Jammeh
Georgia President Mikheil Saakashvili Prime Minister Nikoloz Gilauri
Germany President Christian Wulff Chancellor Angela Merkel
Ghana
President John Atta Mills
Greece President Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister George Papandreou
Grenada Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Carlyle Glean
Prime Minister Tillman Thomas
Guatemala
President Álvaro Colom
Guinea President Alpha Condé Prime Minister Mohamed Said Fofana
Guinea-Bissau President Malam Bacai Sanhá Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Júnior
Guyana President Bharrat Jagdeo Prime Minister Sam Hinds
Haiti President Michel Martelly Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive
Prime Minister-designate Daniel Gérard Rouzier
Honduras
President Porfirio Lobo Sosa
Hungary President Pál Schmitt Prime Minister Viktor Orbán
Iceland President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
India President Pratibha Patil Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Indonesia
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Iran Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iraq President Jalal Talabani Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Ireland President Mary McAleese Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Israel President Shimon Peres Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
Italy President Giorgio Napolitano Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
Jamaica Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Patrick Allen
Prime Minister Bruce Golding
Japan Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Naoto Kan
Jordan King Abdullah II Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit
Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister Karim Massimov
Kenya President Mwai Kibaki Prime Minister Raila Odinga
Kiribati
President Anote Tong
Kuwait Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan President Roza Otunbayeva Prime Minister Almazbek Atambayev
Laos President Choummaly Sayasone Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong
Latvia President Valdis Zatlers
President-elect Andris Bērziņš
Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis
Lebanon President Michel Suleiman Prime Minister Najib Mikati
Lesotho King Letsie III Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili
Liberia
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Libya
Guide of the Revolution Muammar Gaddafi
Secretary General of the General People’s Congress Mohamed Abu Al-Quasim al-Zwai Prime Minister Baghdadi Mahmudi
Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II
Prince-Regent Alois
Prime Minister Klaus Tschütscher
Lithuania President Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius
Luxembourg Grand Duke Henri Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Macedonia President Gjorge Ivanov Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski
Madagascar President Andry Rajoelina Prime Minister Albert Camille Vital
Malawi
President Bingu wa Mutharika
Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin Prime Minister Najib Razak
Maldives
President Mohamed Nasheed
Mali President Amadou Toumani Touré Prime Minister Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé
Malta President George Abela Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi
Marshall Islands
President Jurelang Zedkaia
Mauritania President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf
Mauritius President Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam
Mexico
President Felipe Calderón
Micronesia, Federated States of
President Manny Mori
Moldova Acting President Marian Lupu Prime Minister Vlad Filat
Monaco Prince Albert II Minister of State Michel Roger
Mongolia President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister Sükhbaataryn Batbold
Montenegro President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Igor Lukšić
Morocco King Muhammad VI Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi
Mozambique President Armando Guebuza Prime Minister Aires Ali
Namibia President Hifikepunye Pohamba Prime Minister Nahas Angula
Nauru
President Marcus Stephen
Nepal President Ram Baran Yadav Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal
Netherlands Queen Beatrix Prime Minister Mark Rutte
New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Anand Satyanand
Governor General-designate Jerry Mateparae
Prime Minister John Key
Nicaragua
President Daniel Ortega
Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister Brigi Rafini
Nigeria
President Goodluck Jonathan
North Korea
Chairman of the National Defence Commission Kim Jong-Il
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly Kim Yong-nam
Eternal President Kim Il-sung[5]
Premier Choe Yong-rim
Norway King Harald V Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg
Oman
Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Palau
President Johnson Toribiong
Panama
President Ricardo Martinelli
Papua New Guinea Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Michael Ogio
Acting Prime Minister Sam Abal
Paraguay
President Fernando Lugo
Peru President Alan García
President-elect Ollanta Humala
Prime Minister Rosario Fernández
Philippines
President Benigno Aquino III
Poland President Bronisław Komorowski Prime Minister Donald Tusk
Portugal President Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister José Sócrates
Prime Minister-designate Pedro Passos Coelho
Qatar Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani Prime Minister Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani
Romania President Traian Băsescu Prime Minister Emil Boc
Russia President Dmitry Medvedev Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
Rwanda President Paul Kagame Prime Minister Bernard Makuza
Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian
Prime Minister Denzil Douglas
Saint Lucia Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister Stephenson King
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
Samoa O le Ao o le Malo Tufuga Efi Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
San Marino
Captain Regent Maria Luisa Berti
Captain Regent Filippo Tamagnini
São Tomé and Príncipe President Fradique de Menezes Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada
Saudi Arabia
King Abdullah
Senegal President Abdoulaye Wade Prime Minister Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye
Serbia President Boris Tadić Prime Minister Mirko Cvetković
Seychelles
President James Michel
Sierra Leone
President Ernest Bai Koroma
Singapore President S.R. Nathan Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Iveta Radičová
Slovenia President Danilo Türk Prime Minister Borut Pahor
Solomon Islands Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Governor General Sir Frank Kabui
Prime Minister Danny Philip
Somalia President Sharif Ahmed Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
South Africa
President Jacob Zuma
South Korea President Lee Myung-bak Prime Minister Kim Hwang-sik
South Sudan
President-elect Salva Kiir Mayardit
Spain King Juan Carlos I Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne
Sudan
President Omar al-Bashir
Suriname
President Dési Bouterse
Swaziland King Mswati III Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
Switzerland
Federal Council[6]: Micheline Calmy-Rey (Pres.), Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (VP), Doris Leuthard, Ueli Maurer, Didier Burkhalter, Simonetta Sommaruga, Johann Schneider-Ammann
Syria President Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister Adel Safar
Tajikistan President Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister Oqil Oqilov
Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda
Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
Togo President Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister Gilbert Houngbo
Tonga King George Tupou V Prime Minister Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō
Trinidad and Tobago President George Maxwell Richards Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Tunisia Acting President Fouad Mebazaa Prime Minister Beji Caid el Sebsi
Turkey President Abdullah Gül Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Turkmenistan
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Tuvalu Queen Elizabeth IIGovernor General Iakoba Italeli Prime Minister Willy Telavi
Uganda President Yoweri Museveni Prime Minister Amama Mbabazi
Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
United Arab Emirates President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister David Cameron
United States
President Barack Obama
Uruguay
President José Mujica
Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Vanuatu President Iolu Abil Prime Minister Sato Kilman
Vatican City Pope Benedict XVI President of the Governorate Giovanni Lajolo
Venezuela
President Hugo Chávez
Vietnam President Nguyễn Minh Triết Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Yemen Acting President Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawar
Zambia
President Rupiah Banda
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai

States recognised by at least one United Nations member

State Head of state Head of government
Abkhazia Acting President Alexander Ankvab Prime Minister Sergei Shamba
Republic of Kosovo President Atifete Jahjaga Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi
Libya Libyan Republic Chairperson of the National Transitional Council Mustafa Abdul Jalil Interim Prime Minister Mahmoud Jibril
Northern Cyprus President Derviş Eroğlu Prime Minister İrsen Küçük
Palestinian territories Palestine (disputed) President either:
Mahmoud Abbas (West Bank) or
Aziz Duwaik (Gaza Strip)[7]
(disputed) Prime Minister either:
Salam Fayyad (West Bank) or
Ismail Haniyeh (Gaza Strip)[8]
Republic of China (Taiwan) President Ma Ying-jeou Premier Wu Den-yih
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Omar
South Ossetia President Eduard Kokoity[9] Prime Minister Vadim Brovtsev

States not recognised by any United Nations members

This list encompasses the leaders of geo-political entities that lack significant international recognition. The degree of control these entities exert over their claimed territories may vary.

 
State Head of state Head of government
Nagorno-Karabakh President Bako Sahakyan Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan
Somaliland
President Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo
Transnistria
President Igor Smirnov

 

source : wikipedia

 

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