Declaration of the Rights of the Child
In 1923, Jebb wrote: “I believe we should claim certain rights for the children and labour for their universal recognition, so that everybody–not merely the small number of people who are in a position to contribute to relief funds, but everybody who in any way comes into contact with children, that is to say the vast majority of mankind–may be in a position to help forward the movement.”
Jebb created an initial draft for what would become the UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1923. It contained the following five criteria:
- The child must be given the means requisite for its normal development, both materially and spiritually.
- The child that is hungry must be fed, the child that is sick must be nursed, the child that is backward must be helped, the delinquent child must be reclaimed, and the orphan and the waif must be sheltered and succoured.
- The child must be the first to receive relief in times of distress.
- The child must be put in a position to earn a livelihood, and must be protected against every form of exploitation.
- The child must be brought up in the consciousness that its talents must be devoted to the service of its fellow men.
These five points were adopted by the League of Nations in 1924 and was thus known as the Declaration of Geneva. This was the first important assertion of the rights of children as separate from adults, and began the process that would lead to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations in 1989
|SAVE INDONESIAN CHILDRENS|
|INDONESIAN BREASTFEEDING NETWORK|
|FIGHT AGAINST AIDS, SAVE INDONESIAN CHILDRENS|
|SAVE OUR CHILDRENS FROM SMOKE|
|SAVE INDONESIAN CHILD FROM PEDOPHILIA AND SEX ABUSE,|
|POEMS FOR CHILDREN|
|CHILDREN’S OPINIONS SUPPORT|
|SAVE OUR GREEN EARTH|
|SAVE FROM DANGEROUS FOOD|
|SAVE FROM CHILD ABUSE|
|SAVE FROM PORNOGRAPHY|
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Following the atrocities of World War II, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. However, many felt the rights of children needed to be addressed in further detail with a separate document.
In November 1959, the UN General Assembly altered Jebb’s initial criteria in order to produce the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. This consisted of ten non-binding principles for states to follow in order to work in the best interests of the child. However, this 1959 Declaration was not legally binding and was only a statement of general principles and intent. In 1989, however, it was adopted by the UN General Assembly. On September 2, 1990 it became international law.
The Convention consists of 54 articles that address the basic human rights children everywhere are entitled too: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child.
Today, the Convention serves as the basis for all Save the Children’s work. It has been signed into law in nearly every country around the world, except Somalia and the United States.
Supported By :
Newspaper For Kids
“MAKE CHILDREN IN THE WORLD SMARTER”. All about the World Children
Copyright 2011. Newspaper For Kids Network Information Education Network. All rights reserved